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Dr Xxxxx Dr. Xxxxx :
Clinical Overlays in Presentations of Attention Deficit Disorders

Many of these symptoms develop with and are more obvious with long-term illness.  The symptoms are quite variable, and there are substantial personality overlays.  Some children have aggressive personalities (Enneagrams, Enneagrams) that may make them look hyperactive, while actually being unaffected.  Other children may have placid personalities, whereby symptoms are not obvious unless one goes looking.  So different patients can begin to look quite different to the unknowing observer.

For some children, active disorganized behaviour may be normal, while for others tidy and obsessive traits may not be normal, or vice versa. It all depends on your personality type.

Personality typing in the medical model* (see DSM5), (e.g. Histrionic, Narcissistic, Borderline) may best be best described as unhelpful.

Normal Enneagram (Enneagram) types may show these behaviour patterns often quite normally. For example the Enneagram "4", could be described as perhaps Histrionic, yet there is nothing wrong with them. Their behaviour just needs to be understood from their own special perspective of the world. Every personality subtype has their own perspective of the world, and strangely they can all be right from their own point of view. 

Children with Paill Spectrum ADD ADHD, often have long term behaviour and judgment problems that in the long term drastically increase their chance of being placed in an institution.


Understanding the Enneagram is critical to understanding behaviour.



Erasmus Erasmus : Conclusions, from

Gaps and Subjective Medical Assessments for Diagnosis,
of Attention Deficit & Related Disorders 

The criteria for diagnosis of ADD, ADHD are very loose and non-specific when one gets past all the impressive medical words.  They do not actually define a unique collection of medical symptoms that constitute a distinct illness.  The Paill Spectrum disease model pioneered by Dr. Xxxxx, states that many children with behavioural symptoms whether they are ADD ADHD, Aspergers’s, Developmental delay or even perhaps Autistic Spectrum disorders; may actually have Paill Spectrum infection.  Paill Spectrum infection shows strong susceptibility to genetically inherited immune resistance factors.  There are a number of these factors, so the inheritance pattern would be expected to be complex or polygenic, exactly as the research would suggest.


ADHD Syndrome PictureADHD presentations


Other symptoms of Paill Spectrum will often be found if searched for,
in most if not all of these disorders. 

The symptom list to diagnose these conditions, inaccurately describes the deficits experienced by affected children, as can be seen in the predictions made on this web page from the Paill Spectrum model. This explains why there is so much ambiguity in diagnosis amongst doctors. Few doctors will agree often where a diagnosis can be made. There are no blood test markers of disease in the standard model of ADD or ADHD. The Paill Spectrum model predicts that blood tests will be abnormal in specific ways in affected children. 


Facts Clinical Paill Picture
Typical or Common Paill spectrum Symptoms.

Distinct blood test changes will also be found.